Sudden young deaths, which we have encountered frequently in recent days, cause deep sadness in society and also arouse concern. Near East University Hospital Cardiology Department Head Prof. Dr. Hamza Duygu said that there is no connection between sudden deaths and vaccines in the light of current scientific data.
Near East University Hospital Cardiology Department Head Prof. Dr. Hamza Duygu said that there are mostly heart-related diseases behind the sudden young deaths that are frequently encountered in recent days. Emphasizing that there is no death case reported due to heart diseases due to COVID-19 vaccines in the world, Hamza Duygu said, “On the contrary, the rate of development of heart muscle or pericardium inflammation in people with COVID-19 infection is around 3-5%. It is also a fact that sudden deaths are seen after COVID infection and most of them are due to cardiac involvement, and scientific studies on the subject are continuing. Therefore, the risk of sudden death does not exist in those who have been vaccinated, on the contrary, in those who have had a Covid infection. In line with these scientific data, the public should not have any hesitation about vaccination.”
Undiagnosed heart disease is the main cause of sudden death.
While the common belief in society is that heart diseases are generally a disease of old age, nowadays, smoking and drug use, wrong eating habits brought by modern and industrialized society, obesity and intense stress cause heart diseases to be seen at an early age. Specialists attract attention to undiagnosed heart diseases, which progress without any symptoms, as the main cause of sudden death. Again, in two-thirds of autopsy results of sudden young deaths, the cause of death is recorded as heart disease.
Although there was no known health problem before, sometimes the complaints that start unexpectedly in people can result in death in a short time like 1-2 hours. In sudden deaths, which often occur with the emergence of lethal rhythm disorders, blood flow stops when the heart cannot fulfill its task of pumping blood. In cases where the heart rhythm cannot be returned to normal within minutes, death occurs. Prof. Dr. Hamza Duygu reminded that in heart diseases that usually occur during exertion and give symptoms such as shortness of breath, palpitations, darkening in the eyes, and a feeling of badness, the heart can sometimes stop suddenly without any symptoms.
The main cause of sudden death is heart attack due to cardiovascular occlusion.
Prof. Dr. Hamza Duygu draws attention to the fact that the main cause of sudden cardiac death is a heart attack due to cardiovascular occlusion. On the other hand, he also states that smoking, use of substances such as cocaine-amphetamine, early-onset diabetes mellitus, hypertension, congenital familial high cholesterol, and coronary artery outflow anomalies can cause heart attacks.
Rare familial genetic diseases can cause sudden death in healthy young individuals. Therefore, high-risk diseases can be detected by various diagnostic methods. Prof. Dr. Hamza Duygu drew attention to the need to raise awareness of the public in order to prevent sudden heart-related deaths and said, “First of all, people with sudden cardiac arrest in their family should definitely apply to the heart center and have a screening. This becomes even more important in professional athletes or people who will participate in an exercise program. Because sudden death due to heart failure is usually seen during sportive activities. Conditions that lead to sudden death such as those with cardiovascular occlusion, enlargement of the aorta, arrhythmia, heart failure, congenital heart disease can be detected with early diagnosis, and sudden death due to the heart can be prevented.
What factors increase the risk of sudden cardiac death in young people?
In addition to cardiovascular occlusions and related heart attacks, aortic rupture, pulmonary embolism, heart failure, congenital heart and heart muscle diseases, heart valve diseases, heart muscle inflammation, long QT syndrome, short QT syndrome, WPW syndrome, Brugada syndrome, Some serious rhythm disorders such as arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia and toxic drug use can also cause sudden cardiac death in young people.
Prof. Dr. Hamza Duygu concluded his speech that a controlled life, which is often ignored due to the belief that "nothing will happen to me" due to the lack of time from the daily routine work, should be seen as one of the indispensable rules of a healthy life.